Baeza is located in the geographical centre of the province of Jaén, in the region of La Loma, of which it is considered to be the western capital.

It is located near the River Guadalquivir, in a landscape of fertile land with orchards, olive groves and cereal fields. The absence of non-agricultural lands reduces the areas of natural interest to the Guadalquivir river and the wetlands of the Laguna Grande, of great ecological wealth and the largest in the province.

Baeza is a city where the Renaissance is shown in all its splendour, both in civil and religious monuments: palaces and churches alternate with white houses, doorways, porticoes, towers, squares and fountains. 

Its period of splendour dates back to the 16th and 17th centuries, although the city has been outstanding since ancient times.


Data of interest

Tourist area : Úbeda/Baeza
Distance to the capital (km): 48
Altitude above sea level (m): 769
Extensión (Km2): 194
No. of Inhabitants 16012
Demonym: Baezanos
Postal Code 23440

Tourist information

Oficina de Turismo
Plaza del Pópulo, s/n, 23440
953 779 982

This municipality is part of:

A watchtower over the Guadalquivir valley, its fortress secured the Castilian rearguard against the constant threat of the Islamic kingdoms to the west and south of the Guadalquivir.

Nowadays Baeza is known for its olive production, its abundant monumental legacy (declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 2003) and for being the seat of the International University of Andalusia.

Its main economic activity is agriculture, linked to the olive tree and the olive oil industry, although monumental tourism has developed the hotel and catering trade.

Its churches, palaces and towers make up a monumental ensemble in which different architectural styles succeed one another, although the Renaissance and Elizabethan Gothic styles are particularly important. Of its rich architectural heritage, the Cathedral (16th century), the Church of Santa Cruz (13th century), the Convent of San Francisco, the Town Hall and the Church of San Andrés, all from the 16th century, stand out.

In short, the historic centre of Baeza constitutes one of the most important Renaissance monumental ensembles in the world.



To understand the Baeza of today, we have to go back to the first settlers who settled in the place known as "Cerro del Alcázar", in the Bronze Age, evolving to the Iberian city Viatia or Vivatia, passing to the Roman per ...


Source of information

Ayuntamiento de Baeza


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