Nature

Nature

Natural Park Sierra de Andújar

The Natural Park Sierra de Andújar, a middle-height mountainous area (less than 2.500 m. or 8.202 ft.), is a magnificent example of a Mediterranean ecosystem. It is home to the largest stretches of natural vegetation in Sierra Morena.

What to visit

  • The Spanish Fighting Bull Route
  • The Spanish Fighting Bull Route

    The journey starts at km 0 on road J-5010 that leads to the Sanctuary-Basilica of the Virgen de la Cabeza in Puertollano. In the first three...

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Enclaves naturales

Mirador de Camino Viejo

The 'Camino Viejo' ('Old Path') Viewpoint

Near the Virgen de la Cabeza Sanctuary-Basilica, right on the track leading to Lugar Nuevo ('New Place').

Telephone
+34 953 54 90 30

The 'Old Camino' viewpoint is located right where landscape, history and tradition mingle with a life of their own. All year long, thousands of pilgrims walk up the track leading to the 'Old Camino' viewpoint, on their way to the Sanctuary-Basilica of the Virgen de la Cabeza, Queen and Lady of Sierra Morena. The place is worth visiting not just because of the views, but also because it symbolizes the culture, idiosyncrasy and religious fervor of the people. From the balcony, we can contemplate the refreshing beauty of the valley of the river Jándula (a tributary to the river Guadaquivir, into which if flows further down), flanked with a lush riverside forest graced by splendid elm trees. Across from the viewpoint stands the pine-tree-covered 'Cerro de Marquitos' ('Marquitos Hill') and, underneath us to the left, in the area called 'Lugar Nuevo' ('New Place'), we can see a forest nursery facility.

The vegetation is typically Mediterranean, an alternating mixture of oak wooland and stretches of stone and black pines (Pinus pinea and Pinus nigra).

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Mirador de Majadillas

Viewpoint of
Las Majadillas

Halfway on the trail to the 'Centenera', on the State-owned mountain 'El Baldío'.

Telephone
+34 953 54 90 30

From the viewpoint of 'Las Majadillas', contrasting types of landscape may be admired: to one side there are olive tree groves and irrigated orchards (near the Guadalquivir river) and, to the other side, rugged landscapes covered with holm oaks (Quercus ilex) amidst Mediterrean woodland. In the distance we can make out Marmolejo, a town renowned for its spa-hotel and medicinal water springs, recommended for renal and digestive conditions. To the right of Marmolejo, in-between mountains, we can catch a glimpse of the river Guadalquivir. But we should turn our eyes away from the magnificence of these views and contemplate eagles flying majestically across the sky.

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Mirador de los Alarcones

Viewpoint of
The 'Alarcones'

On the local road linking the estates 'Los Escoriales' and 'Selladores'.

Telephone
+34 953 54 90 30

From this viewpoint, located amidst Mediterranean pasture lands, we will see the distant sierras of 'Calderones' and 'Ambroz', in the north-western limits of the Natural Park of Sierra de Andújar. The place, strongly connected to reputed breeds of cattle, opens onto a landscape where human- and nature-shaped landscapes coexist in harmony. The most common tree on these meadow farms is the holm oak (Quercus ilex), alternating in certain areas with cork trees (Quercus suber). One particular feature of the whole area is that the hills exposed to the sun are covered by thin vegetation or, occasionally, by gum rockroses (Cistus ladanifer), while the shady areas enclosed in-between valleys are so overgrown with vegetation that the ground can barely be seen. Many game animals find shelter and food in these areas. It is not unusual to see a partrige and her young or an eagle surveying the area for food.

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Mirador del embalse del Jándula

Viewpoint of the
river Jándula waterdam

Visitors' Centre of the 'Peñas de Viñallana' ('Viñallana Rocks'). Ctra. Andújar-Santuario Virgen de la Cabeza (A-6177), km. 13.
23740 - ANDÚJAR

Telephone
+34 953 54 90 30

A beautiful landscape may be gazed from this spot, where a succession of rounded hills and meadow lands surround the river Jándula water-dam. The visual effect caused by the reflection of the landscape upon the dammed-up waters is like a beautiful illustration. The neatly-drawn line along the hill shores indicates how much the water level goes up during the rainy season. The water-dam is home to fish species such as the black-bass (Micropterus salmoides), the carp (Cyprinus carpio) and the barble (Barbus barbus). This is also the habitat of another endemic fish that lives only in the river Jándula and its tributaries, the Bogardilla (Squalius palaciosi). The best time of the year to visit this viewpoint is autumn, when the deer are in full rut and engage in an awesome sound spectacle known as 'berrea' or 'bellowing'. With a litle bit of luck, we may witness antler-to-antler fights between stags, in their strenuous instinctive journey towards reproduction.

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Zona de recreo y educación ambiental Cercado del Ciprés

Recreational and environmental education area ('Cypress enclosure')

CCtra. Andújar-Santuario Virgen de la Cabeza (A-6177). On the forest trail 'Los Rubiales'
23740 - ANDÚJAR

Telephone
+34 953 53 96 20

Formerly owned by the now extinct national Nature Conservation Institute (ICONA), today it belongs to the Environment Department of the Andalusian Government. These 11 ha. (>27 ac.) are surrounded by cypresses and are catalogued as an 'Area of Environmental Excellence'. It is used as a platform to promote the preservation of the environment and a rational use of natural resources.

Within this recently created environmental complex, home to the Natural Park's administrative office, a huge number of arboreal and bush species, representative of the different types of Mediterranean woodland, have been recreated for educational and conservation purposes: holly oaks (Quercus suber), cork trees (Quercus suber), pine trees, elms, gum rockroses (Cistus ladanifer), poplars (Populus alba)... The nature classroom introduces visiting students to natural environments and, more specifically, contributes to their awareness of the salient features of the Natural Park of Sierra de Andújar.

The 'Cercado del Ciprés' ('Cypress enclosure') complex provides visitors with many recreational facilities: a picnic spot, toilets, a viewpoint, hiking trails, a bicyle trail, a kiosk, an amphitheatre and an ecologically-friendly restaurant.

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