Natural Park Sierra de Andújar

The Natural Park Sierra de Andújar, a middle-height mountainous area (less than 2.500 m. or 8.202 ft.), is a magnificent example of a Mediterranean ecosystem. It is home to the largest stretches of natural vegetation in Sierra Morena.


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The Natural Park Sierra de Andújar offers rich contrasts in hill morphology and height. This countryside is home to the largest stretches of natural vegetation in Sierra Morena. The predominant trees are holm oaks (Quercus ilex), portuguese oaks (Quercus faginea) and cork oaks (Quercus suber).

Atlantic oak woodland is found in Sierra Quintana. Also, different animal species, such as Iberian lynxes (Lynx pardinus) or golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) inhabit the Sierra de Andújar, one their last few refuges in the Iberian Peninsula.

Parque Natural Sierra de Andújar 6

Cattle raising has considerable importance for the local economy, with extensive estates of Mediterranean pasture land devoted to fighting bull breeding or game hunting (deer, fallow deer, mouflons and wild boars). Hunting is indeed a most important economic resource in the area and many well-known hunting reserves, both public and private, are located in the Park.

During your visit you will very likely be able to witness the stunning spectacle of eagles flying above you. Three species of eagles live in the Natural Park of Sierra de Andújar: Golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos), Bonelli's eagles (Aquila fasciata) and Spanish Imperial eagles (Aquila adalberti), the latter only found in the Iberian Peninsula. It is also possible to watch three carrion-eating birds: the Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus), the Cinereus Vulture (Aegypius monachus) and the Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus).

The main tourist attractions are the Sanctuary-Basilica of the Virgen de la Cabeza, where the oldest Spanish pilgrimage or 'romería' takes place in May every year, the water-dams of the rivers Jándula and Encinarejo, the environmental complex 'Cercado del Ciprés' (Cypress enclosure), which houses a botanical garden and a Nature Classroom, and the 'Mirador del Peregrino' (Pilgrim's viewpoint).

Geographic location: Northwest of the province

Towns: Andújar, Baños de la Encina, Villanueva de la Reina and Marmolejo

Coordinates: 38º16´N; 4º6´O

Natural Park status since: 1989

Surface: 74.774 ha. (184.770 acres)

Height: Between 500 and 1.290 m. (1.640–4.232 ft.) (Pico ('Peak') Burcio del Pino)

Weather information:
- Average monthly temperatures: between 9º C (48.2 F) (January) and 28º C (82.4 F) (August)
- Average yearly precipitations: 570 mm. (22.44 in.)

Main vegetation:
Mediterranean woodland of the Quercus genus and riparian or riverbank vegetation

Administrative Office of the Natural Park:
Complejo medioambiental Cercado del Ciprés
Camino de los Rubiales, s/n. 23740 Andújar
Tel.: +34 953 539 620
Fax: +34 953 012 508

Visitor´s Centre:
Viñas de Peñallana
Ctra. A-6177 Andújar - Santuario Virgen de la Cabeza, Km. 13. 23740 Andújar
Tel.: +34 953 549 030

Other protected areas:
pecial Protection Area (SPA) for Wild Birds [ZEPA (2002)]

Other public facilities:
- Recreational Area 'La Recta'
- Recreational Area of the 'Encinarejo'
- Recreational Area of the 'Aliseda'
- Recreational Area of the 'Jabalí'
- Viewpoint 'Las Majadillas'
- Viewpoint River Jándula
- Viewpoint 'Camino Viejo' (the 'Old Path')
- Viewpoint 'El Coscojal'



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