Nature

Nature

Natural Park Sierra Mágina

Located in the middle of the province of Jaén, the Natural Park Sierra Mágina is an impressive massif standing all by itself, high amid a sea of olive trees. The natural park displays a huge diversity of landscapes, which may be discovered on walking tours or bicycle rides.

What to visit

  • Route: River Guadalquivir/old railway station of Jódar-Jódar-Bélmez de la Moraleda-Cabritas-Huelma
  • Route: River Guadalquivir/old railway station of Jódar-Jódar-Bélmez de la Moraleda-Cabritas-Huelma

    The old railway station of Jódar is located right on the edge of the municipal district of Úbeda. This disused railway station was formerly used to send millions of tons of timber wood from the Sierras of Cazorla y Segura to other regions of Spain. Thousands of tree-trunks and logs were transported to this station down the river Guadalquivir...

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Enclaves naturales

Castillejo de Mata Bejid

The hills and Castle of 'Mata Bejid' (Puerto de Torres)

A pass between mountains —some over 2.000 m. (6.500 ft.) high. The landscape is a real treat to the eyes: the southern slopes of the natural park, high mountains (Almadén: 2036 m. (6.679 ft.), Ponce 2006 m. (6.581 ft.) and Cerro Cárceles, 2061 m. (6.761 ft.)), high-ground pastures covered with Portuguese oaks (Quercus faginea) and flocks of sheep grazing peacefully...

The Castle of 'Mata Bejid' is a beautiful spot. In the Middle Ages its garrison watched over the mountain pass on the border between the Christian and Muslim kingdoms. In the early 20th century it was inhabited by families who had settled the area to work on the meadow farms through which ran the main road. The castle was given to the city of Jaén by the Catholic Monarchs in 1494 as a reward for the services rendered during the conquest of the towns of Cambil and Alhabar. Access: from the Cambil-Huelma road.

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Monumentos naturales 2


Pine woods of 'Cánava'

Protected Natural Space, catalogued as 'Natural Monument', with a surface of 5 ha. (>12 ac.). Municipal territory of Jimena. Interesting pine wood, still preserving relict vegetation mainly found in the area. The whole landscape is a surviving witness of primeval vegetation.

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Ermita de Canava


Cánava

15th century chapel dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The chapel is located in a wooded area, near a water course, just next to the town of Jimena. The locals like to go there for a stroll or walk, particularly during the summer.

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serrezuela

Serrezuela de Bedmar ('Little Sierra of Bedmar')

Very steep limestone formation to the east of Bedmar hovering over the town. On the other side of this mountain lies the town of Jódar. Rock-climbing lovers will find extraordinary routes to practise their favourite sport. In the middle of this mountain, protected by an Arab wall, there is a ground cavity known as 'Cueva del Aire' or 'Airy Cave'.

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Adelfar Rio cuadros


Oleanders of the river Cuadros

This natural oleander (Nerium oleander) forest on the banks of the river Cuadros is probably one of the largest and most important ones in the Iberian Peninsula. Thanks to the alluvial riparian soil, this particular body of oleander shrubs has grown into a lavish gallery forest.

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Carretera Cabra


Carretera a Cabra de Sto. Cristo

The best place to enjoy the outermost eastern foothills of Sierra Mágina and the valley of the river Guardiana Menor. The area is marked by sub-aridity. It is home to a very wide range of flower species since they have had to colonize different altitudinal zones and different types of soils (saline, chalky, marly, calcareous, etc.). Its most outstanding features are gullies and badland formations.

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El Puente de Tierra2


The 'Puente de Tierra' or 'Earth Bridge'

In the area known as 'Las Ramblas' ('stream-beds' or 'dry rivers'), at about 600 m. (1.968 ft.) above sea-level, we find sub-desert formations where erosion has excavated deep gullies, known as 'barrancos'. At one particular place, a fortuitous combination of erosion processes has created a quirk of nature, a sort of natural bridge with a 20m./65ft.-high span. Great care should be taken when walking across on the natural arch.

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Fuente del Garganton


Spring of the Gargantón (or 'Great Gorge')

A bountiful spring feeding from the river Gargantón, one of the most important water-courses in the southern slopes of Sierra Mágina. In the summer, visitors stop to refresh themselves in the small park and bar next to the spring.

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